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In 1928, when some 100,000 Jews were already settled, Rosen came forward with a proposal to enlarge the colonization by finding new sources of financing the project (up to 1928 all funds came from direct American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee appropriations).The new sums were to be raised among a small group of private subscribers who would receive in return from the Soviet government interest bearing bonds.In his reports to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee he recommended full support for a massive colonization program. The American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation, known also as the Agro-Joint, was established by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee as its operating agency in the Soviet Union on July 17, 1924 with the aim of carrying on and developing on a large scale the land settlement of Jews in the Soviet Union.When the American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation (Agro-Joint) was founded in 1924, Joseph A. In this capacity he served until the last years of his life. The Agro-Joint was also to conduct non-agricultural activities such as general relief, professional training and, especially in the 1930s, industrialization.For more information contact the Chief Archivist or the Photo Archivist.Return to the Top of Page There is a list of photographs that were originally located in folder 308.Rosen papers a general description of contents was made, but no particular arrangement procedures were applied to the collection. Included are: statistics on occupations of the Jewish population in the urban areas of the Homel province; statistics on the number of Jews resettled in Belorussia as of October 1, 1925; report by the Committee for the Settlement of Toiling Jews on the Land (KOMZET) on Jewish colonization in Belorussia in 1925; report by the Belarussian Commissariat of Agriculture "Correspondence, reports and statistics relating to Jewish colonization in Belorussia (White Russia).The papers were eventually inventoried and microfilmed in 1976 under a special grant from the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Work of ORT in the Odessa region: annual report for 1923; report by I. Berger on his inspection of Jewish settlements in the Odessa district assisted by ORT; report by E. Included are: statistics on occupations of the Jewish population in the urban areas of the Homel province; statistics on the number of Jews resettled in Belorussia as of October 1, 1925; report by the Committee for the Settlement of Toiling Jews on the Land (KOMZET) on Jewish colonization in Belorussia in 1925; report by the Belarussian Commissariat of Agriculture "Correspondence, reports and statistics relating to Agro-Joint non-agricultural activities, mainly financial support to mutual aid societies, educational institutions, health care establishments, vocational schools and other educational institutions, and from 1929, work in the field of industrialization.
The Russian form of the geographic names was, however, preserved, since that is the form in which they appear in the collection, but where applicable the contemporary form in Ukrainian is added in parentheses. Berger on his inspection of Jewish colonies in the Guliaipole (Huliaipole) district, Ekaterinoslav province, November 24-December 3, 1924. Also general statistics on the Jewish settlements in the Ekaterinoslav region. Work of ORT in the Odessa region: annual report for 1923; report by I. Berger on his inspection of Jewish settlements in the Odessa district assisted by ORT; report by E. Included are pre-1924 records, and records of the Liquidation Committee of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, in Russia."JDC Liquidation Committee.
Altogether, between 19 the Agro-Joint administered some ,000,000 for all its activities in the Soviet Union.
After 1939 the Agro-Joint operated for a number of years in Latin America seeking to settle German-Jewish refugees. Rosen Papers are in fact an organic part of the records of Agro-Joint.
Under the auspices of KOMZET, a semi-voluntary All-Union Society for Land Settlement of Jewish Workers in the USSR (, OZET) was also organized in January 1925 with the aim of promoting the idea of colonization among Jewish masses and recruiting new settlers.
The Agro-Joint conducted its work in the Soviet Union mainly through its own organization consisting of the following elements: Beside colonization, the Agro-Joint assisted a network of Jewish mutual aid societies, medical establishments, kindergartens, professional schools and loan associations. Rosen suggested the establishment of the Industrial Fund to help Soviet Jews to find their way to industry.